The applet is also computing the geocentric and topocentric distance of the Moon from the Earth (accuracy better than
+/- 10 km between 1900 and 2050), the apparent angular size (arc minutes), the illuminated fraction of the Moon's disc (per cent), and the Moon's phase:
0.00 = new MoonThe altitude is taking into account the horizontal parallax of the Moon.
The computations are performed following Jean Meeus.
Select "Write Data" from the Details menu:
F(EM)/F(SM) is the ratio of the gravitation forces between Earth and Moon F(EM) to Sun and Moon F(SM).
The mean value of about 0.45 for the Earth's Moon is unique in the solar system:
The axial tidal acceleration a by the Moon is approximately:
Earth's radius r=6371 km, Moon's mass =7.349 1022 kg, distance Earth-Moon R (356.000 km < R < 407.000 km).
More about tides
Select "Diagram" from the Details menu:
The change of distance may be up to about 6,300 km per day.
The mean perigee distance of 284 anomalistic months is 362562.4 km.
The maximum lunar declination 23.44° + 5.15° = 28.6° (Major Lunar Standstill in 2006):
At 28.6° N or 28.6° S the daily topocentric difference of the Moon's distance from Earth will reach the diameter of the Earth.
At the North pole the topocentric lunar distance will have no diurnal change:
Please visit my Moon Applet Collection
Moon: orbit and phases
Astronomical Algorithms, Willmann-Bell, First English
Chapter 45: Position of the Moon,
Chapter 46: Illuminated Fraction of the Moon's Disk,
Chapter 39: Correction for Parallax [topocentric distance]
2006-2023 J. Giesen